Synaptic modifications depend on synapse location and activity: a biophysical model of STDP

Biosystems, 2004, in press.

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In spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) the synapses are potentiated or depressed depending on the temporal order and temporal difference of the pre- and postsynaptic signals. We present a biophysical model of STDP which assumes that not only the timing, but also the shapes of these signals influence the synaptic modifications. The model is based on a Hebbian learning rule which correlates the NMDA synaptic conductance with the postsynaptic signal at synaptic location as the pre- and postsynaptic quantities. As compared to a previous paper, here we show that this rule reproduces the generic STDP weight change curve by using real neuronal input signals and combinations of more than two (pre- and post-synaptic) spikes. We demonstrate that the shape of the STDP curve strongly depends on the shape of the depolarising membrane potentials, which induces learning. As these potentials vary at different locations of the dendritic tree, model predicts that synaptic changes are location-dependent. The model is extended to account for the patterns of more than two spikes of the pre- and postsynaptic cells. The results show that STDP weight change curve is also activity-dependent.

Bernd Porr
Last modified: Mon Mar 15 23:16:14 GMT 2004